The term history comes from the Greek historia, "an account of one's inquiries," and shares that etymology with the English word story.
Historians use many types of sources, including written or printed records, interviews (oral history), and archaeology. Different approaches may be more common in some periods than others, and the study of history has its fads and fashions (see historiography, the history of history). The events that occurred prior to human records are known as prehistory.
Knowledge of history is often said to encompass both knowledge of past events and historical thinking skills.
See also: History of the world
Table of contents
A very large amount of historical information is available in Wikipedia, and several different ways of classifying it are given below.
|History classified by location||History classified by date:|
- Ancient history
- Modern history, including Early Modern history
- Pre-Columbian history of the Americas also see Mesoamerica
- Medieval European history
- History of Europe
- African history
- Latin American history
- History of Asia
- History of the Middle East
- History of Australasia (Australia, New Guinea, Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia)
- Islamic history
- History of Christianity
- Jewish history
- History of medicine
- History of science and technology
- Intellectual history
Miscellaneous classifications(Not necessarily part of academic history studies)
- Cultural movements
- Diaspora studies
- Economic history
- History of art
- History of cinema
- History of economic thought
- History of ideas
- History of individuals (biography)
- History of literature
- History of mathematics
- History of mental illness
- History of philosophy
- History of physics
- History of present-day nations and states
- History of religions
- History of theater
- History of extinct nations and states
- Legal history
- Military history
- Philosophy of history
Ideological classificationsAlthough certain amount of bias in history studies is inescapable, national bias being probably the most important, history can also be studied from a narrow ideological perspective, perhaps one that the practitioners feel is usually ignored. For example:
- Marxist history;
- Feminist history (also called herstory);
You may also want to see dubious historical resources and historical myths for a list of false beliefs and histories which were once or are now popular and widespread, but which are proven to be false or dubious.
Guidelines for history on Wikipedia can be found at Wikipedia:History.
- Evolution of Homo sapiens
- Social Change
- List of historians
- List of historians by area of study
- List of historic travellers
- Pseudohistory for more about uncritical history.
- History painter
- An attempt at NPOV history with a "Chronology of Events in History, Mythology, and Folklore": http://www.b17.com/family/lwp/frameset/frameset.html
- "Timelines of History," A collection of timelines organized by time, location and subject matter: http://timelines.ws
- The Core Ideas of "Lessons from History: Essential Understandings and Historical Perspectives Students Should Acquire." ERIC Digest.
- Achieving History Standards in Elementary Schools. ERIC Digest.
- Teaching World History: The Global Human Experience through Time. ERIC Digest.
- Internet History Sourcebooks Collections of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use.
- World History Blog